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INTERVIEWS with ARTISTS

BRIAN COX

NICOLE ANSARI

DAVID SHINER

DAVID GREENSPAN

BILL D'ELIA

FYVUSH FINKEL

LYLE KESSLER

JENNIFER FOUCHÉ

SHELDON EPPS

MYRIAM CYR

JIM SEALES

ROBERT STAFFANSON

IAN FINKEL

WILLIAM S. YELLOWROBE, JR.

EDDIE MARTIN

PETER JENSEN

TIM STEVENSON

Spotlight On

Shakespeare Class

A Theater for Us All

The Actor’s Guide to Creating a Character

Digging for Gold: The Journey of an Actor

On Directing

Acting - an Act of Liberation. Creating the Life of a Soul on Stage through Stanislavsky’s “Method of Physical Actions” Technique

Enlivening Self by Engaging in Theatre

Playing with the Michael Chekhov Technique: The Transformed Actor

Acting is Believing...and Really Doing! - The Passing of Dr. Larry Clark

The Deep Order Called Turbulence: The Three Faces of Dramaturgy

A Weaver of Tales

Craftsmanship Regained

A Shared Sense of Purpose: My Journey to the Theatre

From Indiana, to New York, to Cape May’s East Lynne Theater Company

The Biology of Acting; Lucid Body Unmasked

The Lambert Chronicles

My Story: Why I Teach the Alexander Technique

Movement

The Quest: Attaining 360 Degrees Peripheral Vision - Challenging the Quadrant Boundaries of Our Lives

Hirschfeld on line

“Simply think the words.”
— Goethe

“Action is the direct agent of the heart.”
— Delsarte

“The supreme goal of the theatre is truth, the ultimate truth of the soul.”
— Max Reinhardt

“The artist-actor unveils his inner soul.”
— Eleonora Duse

“To flourish, society depends on a strong cultural heritage as well as innovation. The challenge is to breathe new life into the arts. Creativity is at the heart of every successful nation. It finds expression in great visual art, wonderful music, fabulous performances, stunning writing, gritty new productions and countless other media. Giving form to our innate human creativity is what defines us to ourselves and the world.
This is what the arts have always done. The lasting value and evidence of a civilization are its artistic output and the ingenuity that comes from applying creativity to the whole range of human endeavor. What is education if it doesn't teach our children to think creatively and innovatively? What use is a robust economy unless it is within an innovative country that can attract and stimulate the world? How can good governance exist without a population that is engaged, educated and able to form its own opinions?”  Excerpt from an essay, “Reviving a creative nation,”
 – by Cate Blanchett and Julianne Schultz, April 16, 2008, For the Creative Australia Stream at the 2020 Summit

“Simply think the words.”
— Goethe

“Action is the direct agent of the heart.”
— Delsarte

“The supreme goal of the theatre is truth, the ultimate truth of the soul.”
— Max Reinhardt

“Through the unity of reason and emotion, of spirituality and affection and sensation, the actor will discover his creative genius for the stage – the art of acting.”
— Erwin Piscator

“The artist-actor unveils his inner soul.”
— Eleonora Duse

“Living is a process. Acting is the act of laying oneself bare, of fearing off the mask of daily life, of exteriorizing oneself.  It is a serious and solemn act of revelation. It is like a step towards the summit of the actor’s organism in which are united consciousness and instinct.”
— Jerzy Grotowski

“Let us find our way to the unknown, the intuitive, and perhaps beyond to man’s spirit itself.. “
— Viola Spolin

Movement

Movement  
l. Moving or being moved. 2. moving parts of a mechanism (i.e. clock or watch}. 3a. Body of persons with a common object. 3b. Campaign undertaken by them. 4. Activities or whereabouts of a person or group. 5. Mus. principal subdivision of a longer musical work. 6. Bowel evacuation. 7. Progress.” – Oxford Dictionary, American Edition, 1995

Science tells us we are a world of movement. Objects that we think of as static are moving, but not in discernible ways. Rocks, mountains are all “moving” with various rhythms and frequencies.

The conventional notion of movement is that it is something that turns on and off. It is usually thought of as a specific activity: walking, running, or scratching our heads. When we stop these activities, we are “still,” “not moving.”

I make a distinction between what we call functional movement, which implies a “body,” and biological movement in which the body is not a designated object and does not maintain a specificity of form. In this, we can say that movement is what we are, rather than something we do.

As a young woman, I spent many years living in Haiti; there, I had the opportunity to choreograph and to be the lead dancer in a folklore dance company. I was deeply inspired as I steeped myself in ancient snake-like movements that seemed to spring from the earth itself. Messages sent through the dancers’ legs and spines undulated with the pulsations of unseen cosmic forces that hinted at the beginning of all form. The whispers of early winds, the smells of ancient Earth entered me with aromas I have never forgotten.

In 1967, still stirred by my Haitian experiences, I started a movement inquiry that was eventually called Continuum. Through intricate wave motions, I began to explore these questions: As living systems can we engage in the formative tendency of life more directly? As intelligent beings, can we live in a culture but not be bound by it? Does our organism have a destiny separate and apart from the concerns of personality?

What we commonly refer to as a body is basically movement that has become stabilized. When we see a newborn, essentially we are looking at the movement of water made flesh. We are seeing a fluid system meeting the vibrational field of the earth, where an elegant exchange begins to take place. As this exquisite system adjusts to its new atmosphere, a gradual stabilizing occurs. Liquid grasps, eyes focus, experiments are made. The baby rolls, thrusts, jerks, flails...trying out the best possible sequences to ensure survival on Earth.

The very nature of stabilizing impels the fluid system to coalesce, giving the support that is needed to become functional. Fluidity consolidates as new requirements are met. Our oceanic memory pales as the demands of life on land become more immediate. All is forgotten, except for the primordial characteristics of our intrinsic environment.

We learn to crawl, to stand, to move forward through the savannas, the mountains, the cities, outer space. This stabilized creature called human, what is it? Can we ever know?

The fluid presence in our bodies is our fundamental environment; we are the moving water brought to land.

In utero, the amniotic and the embryo engage in a sphere in which there is no separation. Our early existence is inclusive: the embryo recapitulates our planetary process, we contain all forms, all possibilities. A claw, a fin, a hand are all blueprints in this biomorphic plan. Chemical codes will determine whether we will have a snout or a nose. The web between our fingers, the membranous dura mater and esophagus, the suspiciously protozoan curve of our brains and viscera that lie pulsating in water, are vestiges of ancient worlds here before we were, resonating in us through their varied undulating messages.

As human beings, we are an accrual of many life forms that have been shaped by our oceanic origins, still pulsating as the intrinsic world of our organs, our connective tissue, our nerve fiber. We are a process of millions of years of an open-ended experiment. Our forms have been designed and redesigned, unendingly adaptive and innovative.

All form is temporal. Its demise, or its need to reconfigure is inherent. In movement there are no objects. There is only fertile probability awaiting an urging. By defining an object or creating a boundary, such as a “body,” we establish a limit.

In order to survive efficiently, we must stabilize and in a sense “stop the world.” We must define ourselves as a designated self in order to survive. I must know that when I’m hungry I can feed my mouth and not yours. My ability to survive appears to need to identify this bounded state that I call myself. We can live successfully within our environment, and do all that is necessary to ensure that tomorrow will come. But that is not all we are. We are also the flowing expression of a divine and complex intelligence that has formed us for a purpose we may never know.

Stabilization is vital for efficiency, but it becomes rigid when uninformed by new probabilities. Maintaining an identity of the body as our only designated form, we, as biological systems, actually narrow our vectors of expansion. With increased stabilization there is a compromise in adaptability. Infants have a capacity to heal because they are “flux,” mutable and relatively open systems. Healing becomes a more arduous process as we fall victim to our assumptions about our bodily reality. We can encompass more than one description. We can learn from our “flux,” which gives us pure information and nourishment. It can improve our world by not limiting us to the boundaries of our own thought.

In 1974, I made a decision to experiment with spinal cord injuries. My question was: “If we are movement, then what is paralysis?” Perhaps our medical model needs to be updated. Perhaps paralysis is in the model and not in the spine. If we acknowledge ourselves as dynamic energetic systems that are primarily movement, we could say that in paralysis there is a compromise in function, but not in movement. What I have been discovering is that movement can innovate new function.

Movement, or the lack of it, relates directly to how we are breathing. In the case of trauma, breath is usually suspended, which will also suspend movement. Shock will contribute to paralysis by its emotional immobilization. Spinal shock sometimes wears off, but emotional shock can go on for years.

When working with people demonstrating such extreme physical compromise, I begin by introducing a variety of breaths. Breath will start to activate our fluid systems and bring about novel intrinsic interactions where the throb of life becomes apparent. Complex intrinsic movement, stimulated by using breath in a profusion of ways, brings warmth and flow to what once appeared to be frozen and unresponsive.

No official protocol has ever been developed for the elaboration of spinal movement in cases of paralysis. By using an embryogenetic (biomorphic) model, I encourage movement in the cerebro-spinal core. As intrinsic movements become more abundant, a neurologically rich matrix is created for the budding of new neural pathways. I believe that our ability to innovate lies within our biological core.

As life currents become increasingly visible and articulate, and as rigidity melts into the mutable play of form, there is a gradual lowering of the level of injury and ambulatory movement eventually becomes possible.

My concern has always been with the ingenious ways we become self-limiting; and how all our various cultures define the parameters of what is knowable. Western culture, in particular, has brought about the industrialization of the body, with a devastating and alienating effect.

For us, mechanical, repetitive movement is accepted as desirable, and this mechanization lies at the core of how we live and describe our world. Does this have any connection to a flowing vital process called a human being, whose form is based on the movement of water?

In these many years of teaching Continuum, whether I am dealing with a specific healing process, or with the limits we put upon ourselves, my concern has always been to bring us to a greater participation with the underlying motif of life on Earth: organism as environment.

As each of us becomes more fluid and resonant, defensiveness disappearing like worn out flesh, there emerges a larger unity in which communication at the level of cells and fluids becomes vastly enhanced.

We are processes, terrestrial and beyond. Our relationship with our planet is maintained by the resonance of our fluid systems with all fluid systems, human and other.

Creative “flux” is essential for the enhancement of our functioning. In “flux,” we cannot identify “parts.” This “flux” is our existential unity and creates a resonant chord with our planet. It provides us with an ability to function as biological systems rather than cultural entities. All distinctions dissolve into flowing variations, into a matrix of divine expression. There appears to be an intelligence and strength to this flux that goes beyond our thinking. Our ability to innovate lies, as far as I can tell, in this softening of form, where all becomes liquid.

We are open systems, able to respond to the immediacy of change. Our notion of “body” undergoes a metamorphosis. We no longer identify with ourselves as bounded forms exclusively, but we can enter the waters of our own existence without reservation or plan. We are the process of life constantly unfolding itself.

The universe we are living in is in a constant exchange of information and nourishment. I see this as a fundamental activity of the human on this planet and perhaps beyond our Earth as well. Blood, rivers, oceans, cerebro-spinal fluid, all fluids are in a state of resonance, a unity without boundary.

Our biomorphic ancestry makes itself known to us directly and informs us personally. God is not elsewhere, but in the very movement of our own formative tendency, continually manifesting itself through the play of mutable forms......continuum......

Although Continuum officially emerged in 1967, the work basically represents a lifetime of freeing myself from the confines of culture.

As a very young person, my intuition sensed that all life was imbued with a unifying spirit and somewhere within my body this spirit could be experienced. The impression I received from the world around me was, “God was elsewhere.”

For years, I had a recurring image of the movement of fish dissolving into the undulating waves of the ocean, becoming one inseparable reality. I felt that somewhere in a secret long ago, we were all swimming with the very same boundless wave movements of ocean fish, and if only I could discover how to get there, the “real” world would be revealed to me.

It’s important to know that each of us carries billions of years of an ongoing global process, a sequenced continuum of life on Earth, which is taking place within the galaxy and human alike.

We are basically fluid beings that have arrived on land. All living processes owe their lineage to the movement of water. Our implicate preexistent memory beginning with the first cell, lies in the mysterious deep, quietly undulating, circulating, nourishing this aquatic being on its mission to planet earth. God is not elsewhere, but is moving through our cells and in every part of us with its undulating message. The fluid presence in our bodies is our fundamental environment; we are the moving water brought to land.

I would like to suggest that the far-reaching consequences of having a body are not just to serve as a conveyance, not just to propagate, but that we are composed of a mysterious substance that has no defined boundary. Without this substance we could not exist as humans. We may, at some time in the near future, learn to replace our pulsating wet body parts with metallic ones, in which case, we will become something quite different.

It was the vision of a universal human that beckoned me. I had no map to follow except my strong urge to experience our essential bio-lineage and my certainty that our existences were fed far beyond our cultural moorings. It is my belief that we carry in our cells, in our tissues, in the very throb of our existence an underlying flow that urges, inspires, flares our nostrils and beats our heart. This encompassing atmosphere of love has its own destiny – perhaps using humans as its messengers, this love has arrived on Earth. 2007 From “An Essay by Emilie Conrad” and “A Letter from Emile Conrad,” Continuum Founder. 

Reprinted with the permission of Continuum Movement.

EMILIE CONRAD  Founder of Continuum, lived in Los Angeles, California. She was considered a visionary whose work is incorporated by an International audience of professionals from fields such as Rolfing, Zero Balancing, Hellerwork, CranioSacral, Osteopathy, Physical Therapy, Dance, Psychoneuroimmunology, and Physical Fitness. She had been a featured teacher, lecturer, and Keynoter at: Sri Aurobindo Assoc. in America, American Humanistic Psychology, UCLA, USC, UC Santa Cruz, UC Santa Barbara, U. of San Jose, U of Arizona, Rolf Institute, Esalen Institute, Newport Sports Clinic, Center for the Healing Arts, Open Center NYC, Tarrytown Group, Omega Institute NY, Common Boundary, Naropa Institute, Kripalu Institute, Actors Studio West, Lee Strasberg Institute. Ms. Conrad had been on the advisory board of Kessler Institute for Rehabilitation, Orange, NJ. and Bio-energy Field Foundation, Malibu, Ca. (Dr. Valerie Hunt). She has led workshops throughout the US, Canada and Europe. She had received awards for “Movement Teacher” of the year and for her work as a Somatics Pioneer. Emilie Conrad was born and raised in New York City where she studied ballet and Afro-Haitian dance. Her early influences were Sevilla Fort, Katherine Dunham, Robert Joffrey and Don Farnsworth. Subsequently, she spent five years as a choreographer with a folklore company in Haiti furthering her interest in Haitian dance. In 1963 she moved to Los Angeles where she began teaching at the Actors Studio. Her novel approach to movement enriched the performing artist and led to choreographing and directing many plays and performance works. Her choreography had been seen at: The Japan America Theatre, John Anson Ford, Wilshire Ebell Theatre, Theatre West, Pasadena Art Museum, Highways, UCLA, and Actors Studio West. She has developed the art of performance. In 1974, she pioneered a protocol for spinal cord injury. From 1974 to 1979, Emilie was Movement Specialist in a research study conducted by Dr. Valerie Hunt at UCLA. One of her contributions was her revolutionary concept of “The Three Anatomies.” Ms. Conrad wrote the book, “Life on Land.” Upon her death, Ms. Conrad asked Donnalea Van Vleet Goelz to continue her vision of Continuum, www.ContinuumMovement.com, office@ContinuumMovement.com


"It is a law of life that man cannot live for himself alone. Extreme individualism is insanity. The world's problems are also our personal problems. Health is achieved through maintaining our personal truth in a balanced relation of love to the rest of the world. No expression is more emblematic of this relation than the creative act which we call art. No art by its very constitution typifies the social nature of that creative act more than the theatre. The theatre, to be fully understood and appreciated, must be seen as a manifestation of this process of interchange between society and the individual. It must be judged as a continuous development of groups of individuals within society, a development which becomes richer, acquires greater force and value as it grows with the society in which it originates. Only in this way can the theatre nourish us.  - Harold Clurman

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